Brain Cancer - Sign and Symptoms
Definition of Brain Cancer
Brain cancer is a disease of the brain where cancer cells (dangerous) grown in brain tissue. Cancer cells grow to form a mass of cancerous tissue (tumor) that interferes with brain tissue functions such as muscle control, sensation, memory, and bodily functions normal. Tumors composed of cancerous cells called tumors danger (malignant), and which consists of cells that are not cancer (noncancerous) are called benign tumors (benign). Cancer cells that develop from brain tissue are called primary brain tumors. Those statistics suggest that brain cancer is not uncommon and the possibility of developing in approximately 20,000 people per year.The definition of metastatic brain cancer
Cancer cells that develop in organs like the lungs (the primary cancer tissue type) can go to other body organs like the brain. Tumors formed by cancer cells as it is spread (metastasize) to other organs are called metastatic tumors. Metastatic brain cancer is the mass of cells (tumor) that originated from other organs and has spread into the brain tissue. Metastatic tumors in the brain are more common than primary brain tumors.
Causes of Brain Cancer
Primary brain tumors arise from many types of brain tissue (eg, glial cells, astrocytes, and brain cell types other). Metastatic brain cancer is caused by the spread of cancer cells from body organs to the brain. However, the causes for the change of normal cells into cancer cells in both tumor-metastatic and primary tumors are not completely understood. Data collected by scientists showed that people with certain risk factors (situations or things associated with people that increase the likelihood of developing problems) are more likely to develop brain cancer. Individuals with risk factors such as having a job at an oil refinery, such as chemists, people who embalm, or rubber industry worker show brain cancer rates are higher. Some families have several members with brain cancer, but heredity as a cause for brain tumors has not been proven. Other risk factors such as smoking, radiation exposure, and viral infections (HIV) has been suggested but not proven to cause brain cancer. There is no strong evidence that brain cancer is contagious, caused by head trauma, or caused by the use of phone (cell phone).
Symptoms Of Brain Cancer
The symptoms are the most common of brain cancer are weakness, difficulty walking, seizures, and headaches. Other common symptoms are nausea, vomiting, blurred vision, or changes in a person's alertness, mental capacity, memory, speech, or personality. These symptoms may also occur in people who do not have brain cancer, and none of these symptoms alone or in combination can predict that someone had brain cancer. Cancers of the brain that produce a little bit or no symptoms.
Tests Used To Diagnose Brain Cancer
Initial tests are interviews (interviews) and a physical examination by a doctor than a competent person (able). The results of these interactions will determine whether other specific tests need to be done.
The most commonly used test to detect brain cancer is the CAT scan (computed tomography or CT automated). This test is a series of x-rays and painless, although sometimes dye (dye) should be injected into a vein for pictures better than the internal structures of the brain. Another test gaining popularity because of the high sensitivity for detecting anatomic changes in the brain is MRI (magnetic resonance imaging). This test is also a series of x-rays and shows the brain structures in detail better than CT. MRI is not available covering such as CT scanning. If the tests show evidence (tumors or abnormalities in brain tissue) of brain cancer, then other doctors such as surgeons nerve, nerve experts who specialize in treating brain diseases will be consulted to help determine what should be done to treat the patient. Other tests . May be ordered by doctors to help determine the health status of patients or to detect other health problems.
Treatment For Brain Cancer
The treatment plan is made individually for each patient's brain cancer. The treatment plan is built by physicians who specialize in brain cancer, and treatments vary widely depending on the type of cancer, brain location, tumor size, patient age and general health conditions of patients. The main part of the plan is also determined by the will-the will of the patient. Patients should discuss the options (choices) treatment with their doctors.
Surgery, radiation therapy, and chemotherapy are the main treatment categories for most brain cancers. Individual treatment plans often include a combination of these treatments. Therapeutic surgery trying to remove the tumor by cutting out of the normal brain tissue. Radiation therapy to try to destroy tumor cells using high energy radiation which is focused on the tumor. Chemotherapy attempts to destroy tumor cells using chemicals (drugs) that are designed to destroy specific types of cancer cells. All treatments to try to not damage the cells of normal brain.
Other treatments that may be part of some treatment plans may include hyperthermia (heat treatments), immunotherapy (immune cells directed to kill the types of specific cancer cells), or steroids to reduce inflammation and swelling of the brain. Clinical trials (treatment plans designed by scientists to try chemicals or new methods on patients) can be another way for patients to obtain treatment specifically for their cancer cell type.
The best treatment for brain cancer is designed by a team of cancer specialists in relation to the will-the will of the patient.
Side Effects Of Brain Cancer Treatment
Side effects of brain cancer treatment varies with the plan of care and patient. Most treatment plans try to maintain the side effects to a minimum. For some patients, side effects of brain cancer treatment can be severe. Care plans should include a discussion of side effects and potentially allow them to develop, so patients and their care-givers (family, friends) can make decisions appropriate treatment in connection with their medical team. Also, if side effects develop, the patient has some knowledge of what to do about them such as when to take certain medicines or when to call their physicians to report health changes.
Side effects include an increase in operating symptoms are present, damage to normal tissue scrambled, brain swelling and seizures. Other changes in brain functions such as muscle weakness, mental changes, and reduction in all brain-controlled function can occur. Combination of these side effects may occur. The side effects most apparent immediately after surgery, but often diminish with time. Occasionally, side effects are not reduced.
Chemotherapy usually affects (kills) cancer cells that are growing quickly but can also affect normal tissue. Chemotherapy is usually given intravenously so the drugs can reach most body organs. Common side effects of chemotherapy are nausea, vomiting, hair loss, and loss of energy. The immune system is often suppressed by chemotherapy, which resulted in high sensitivity to infections. Other systems, such as the kidneys and reproductive organs, may also be damaged by chemotherapy. Most of the side effects diminished over time, but some may not.
Radiation therapy has most of the side effects are the same as chemotherapy. Most of the radiation therapy is focused on brain cancer tissue, so some systems do not receive direct radiation (the immune system, kidneys, etc.). Effects on systems that do not receive direct radiation is usually not as severe as that seen with chemotherapy. However, hair and skin are usually affected, resulting in hair loss (sometimes permanently) and reddish and darkened skin that needs protection from the sun.
The Prognosis Of Brain Cancer Treated
The survival of brain cancer who are treated varies by cancer type, location, and age and overall health of the patient. In general, most treatment plans rarely result in healing. Survival of greater than five years, which are considered as long-term survival, is less than 10% no matter what treatment plan is used.
So, why use any treatment plan? Without treatment, brain cancers are usually aggressive and result in death within a short span of time. Plans of care can prolong survival and may improve patient quality of life for some time. Again, patient-care givers and providers should discuss their prognosis when deciding on treatment plans.
What Can I Do To Help My Family (And I) I Overcome Brain Cancer Diagnosis
Discuss your concerns-concerns openly with your doctors and family members. It is common for patients with brain cancer to worry about how they can continue to run their lives as normally as possible; is also common for them to be afraid, depressed, and angry. Most peoples cope better if they discuss the concerns and their feelings. Although some patients can do this with friends and relatives, others find comfort (Solace) in support groups (those who have brain cancer and is willing to discuss their experiences with patients other) is composed of people who have experienced situations and similar feelings. Patient care team of doctors must be capable of connecting patients with support groups.
Wednesday, May 30, 2012
Brain Cancer - Sign and Symptoms
Athlete's Foot - Infections, Care, Contagious, Definition (Skin)
Definition Athlete's Foot
Athlete's foot is a very common skin infection of the feet caused by fungus. The fungus that commonly causes athlete's foot is called Trichophyton. When the legs or other areas of the body stay moist, warm, and irritated, this fungus can grow and infect the upper layer of the skin. Fungal infections can occur anywhere on the body, including the scalp, body, body, limbs (arms and legs), hands, feet, nails, groin, and areas other.
Athlete's foot is caused by the ringworm fungus ("tinea" in medical jargon). Athlete's foot is also called tinea pedis. The fungus that causes athlete's foot can be found in many locations, including floors in gyms, locker rooms clothes (locker rooms), swimming pools, nail salons, and in socks and underwear. Mushrooms can also be spread directly from person to person or by touch (contact) with these objects.
However, without the growing conditions are right (an environment that is warm and humid), the fungus may not easily infect the skin. Up to 70% of the population may have athlete's foot at some point during their lives.Symptoms of Athlete's Foot
The symptoms of athlete's foot typically include varying degrees of itching and burning. The skin may frequently peel, and in cases of particularly severe, there may be some cracking, pain and bleeding as well. Some people have no symptoms at all and did not know they have an infection.
Form Athlete's Foot
Athlete's foot may appear as areas of red skin, peeling and dry in one or both feet. Sometimes dry flakes may spread on the sides and top of the legs. The most common rash is localized on only the soles of the feet. The spaces between the toes of the fourth and fifth also may have some moisture, stripping, and dry flakes.There are three common types of athlete's foot:
1. soles of the feet, also called type "moccasin"2. between the toes, also called type "interdigital"3. inflammatory type or blistering (blistering)
The cases that are not public might look like bubbles (blisters) are small or large feet (called bullous tinea pedis), thick patches of red and dry skin, or calluses with redness. Occasionally, it may seem like just a mild, dry skin without the redness or inflammation.
Athlete's foot may present as a rash on one or both legs, and even involving the hands. This is a very common designation of athlete's foot. Fungal infections are called tinea manuum hand. The exact cause of why the infection usually affects only one hand is not known.
Athlete's foot may also be seen along with ringworm of the groin (especially in men) or the hands. It is useful to examine the legs whenever there is a fungal groin rash called tinea cruris. It is important to treat all areas of fungal infection at the same time to avoid re-infection.Are Athlete's Foot Contagious?
Athlete's foot may spread from person to person, but he did not always contagious. Some people may be more susceptible to the fungus that causes athlete's foot where others are more resistant (resistant). There are many households where two people (often husband and wife or children) who use the same bathing place for many years the fungus has not spread among them. The exact cause of this tendency or susceptibility to fungal infections is unknown. Some people seem more prone to fungal skin infections than others.What are the Causes of Rash-Rash Legs?
There are many possible causes of leg rashes. Athlete's foot is one of the causes are more common. Additional causes include infections of the skin (dermatitis) that irritate or contact (touching), allergic rashes from shoes or other creams, dyshidrotic eczema (allergic skin rash), psoriasis, keratodermia blenorrhagicum, yeast infections, and bacterial infections.
Your doctor can perform a simple test called a KOH, or potassium hydroxide for microscopic examination of fungi, in the office or laboratory to confirm the presence of a fungal infection. This test is carried out by using small pieces of skin were tested under a microscope. Many skin specialists (dermatologists) to conduct this test in their practice with results available within minutes. Rarely, a small piece of skin may be removed and sent for biopsy to help confirm the diagnosis.Athlete's Foot Care
Treatment athlete's foot can be divided into two parts. The first, and most important part, is to make the infected area less suitable for athlete's foot fungus to grow. This means keeping the area clean and dry.
Buy shoes that are leather or other material that can breathe. Shoe materials, like vinyl, which does not breathe cause your legs remain moist, providing an excellent area for mushroom breeding. Likewise, socks that can absorb like cotton which absorbs water from your legs may help.
Powders, especially powders of treatment (such as with miconazole or tolnaftate), can help keep your feet dry. Finally, your feet can be soaked in a solution of dry aluminum acetate (Burrow's solution or solution Domeboro). A home-made drugs from the marinade of white vinegar diluted using one part vinegar and about four parts water, once or twice per day as a bath-soaking feet for 10 minutes may be helpful in treatment.
The second part of the treatment is the use of creams and anti-fungal rinse-rinse. Many medications are available, including sprays and creams miconazole, clotrimazole, terbinafine (Lamisil), and ketoconazole shampoo and cream, and so on. Ask your doctor or pharmacist for a recommendation. Treatment for athlete's foot should generally be continued for four weeks, or at least one week after all symptoms of the skin has been lost.
The cases are more advanced or resistant of athlete's foot may require a trip of two to three weeks of an antifungal oral (pill) such as terbinafine, itraconazole (Sporanox) or fluconazole (Diflucan). Laboratory blood tests to make sure no liver disease may be necessary before taking these pills.
Topical corticosteroid creams (worn on the outside) can work as a fertilizer for mushrooms and may actually worsen skin fungal infections. These medications are topical steroids have no role in treating athlete's foot.
If the fungal infection has spread to the nails of the toes, the nails should also be treated to avoid re-infection of the feet. Often, the nails were initially ignored only to find the athlete's foot remained relapse. It is important to take care of all the mushrooms that look at the same time. Effective nail fungus treatment is more intensive and may require prolonged journeys (three to four months) of anti-fungal medications orally.When should I seek medical care?
If you notice any redness, increased swelling, bleeding, or if your infection does not disappear, see your doctor. If a bacterial infection also occurs, an antibiotic pills may be necessary. If you have a fungal nail involvement, are diabetic, or have a compromised immune system, you should also visit your doctor immediately for treatment.Possible Complications of Athlete's Foot
Not treated, athlete's foot can potentially spread to other body parts or other persons including family members. Fungus may spread locally to the legs, toe nails, hands, finger nails, and basically any body area.
This type of fungus is generally happy to live in the skin, hair, and nails. He did not attack the inside, go to the organs of the body, or go into the blood system.
Fungal infections of the nails is called tinea unguium or onychomycosis. Nail fungus is probably very difficult to treat. Antifungal pills may be necessary in cases of further infections toe nail fungus.
People with diabetes, HIV / AIDS, cancer, or other immune problems may be more prone to all kinds of infections, including fungi.
When skin is injured by the fungus, which protects the natural skin barrier broken. Bacteria and yeast, the yeast can then invade the broken skin. Bacteria can cause a foul odor. Bacterial infections of the skin and inflammation that result from it are known as cellulitis. This is especially more likely to occur in older people, individuals with diabetes, chronic leg swelling, or who have been issued vein-vein (such as for heart bypass surgery). Bacterial skin infections also occurred more frequently in patients with immune systems are impaired.
Which type of Doctor Treating Athlete's Foot
Experts in the skin (Dermatologists) specializing in the treatment of skin disorders, including athlete's foot. You may find a list of expert-certified dermatologists in http://www.aad.org. In addition, family medical doctors, internal medical doctors, doctors of children, podiatrists (foot doctors), and other doctors may also treat this common infection.
How Do I Prevent Future Infections?
Because some people are simply more susceptible to fungal infections, they are also more susceptible to repeated infections. Preventive measures include maintaining your legs clean and dry, moist environments avoiding prolonged, leave shoe-leather shoes and allow feet to breathe, avoiding the street barefoot, especially in public areas such as swimming pools and gyms, avoid contact with people known to be infected, and avoid the marinade and use of contaminated equipment in nail salons. Disinfect the old shoes and spray weekly or monthly periodic anti-fungal foot powder (Pedi-Foot Dry Powder) into the shoes can also be helpful.
It is imperative to bring the tools of your own nails, including nail files, nail salon to the public anywhere, unless you know the salon to practice strict sterilization equipment and or use of all supplies of disposables thrown away.
Use cotton socks whenever possible. Avoid roads at airports and public areas with bare feet. Make sure everyone from family members are affected as well treat their athlete's foot at the same time to avoid cross infections.
ome raised and tender bumps on the tongue are relatively minor and require no medical intervention, other than helping to relieve the associated pain. Yet there are conditions that trigger these bumps that require medical treatments, making it important to consult with a doctor when the lesions don't go away after a week or two.''
These are some of the more common raised and tender bumps on the tongue. They're characterized by the Mayo Clinic as small, shallow lesions that can result from factors including food allergies, tongue injuries, vitamin deficiencies and an underlying medical condition. When they develop, these sores usually resolve themselves in a week or two. However, you can treat the lesions with corticosteroids, nutritional supplements and heartburn medications. Topical pastes of debacterol, benzocaine, amlexanox and fluocinonide can also speed recovery.''
Papillae are the small bumps already present on the tongue. Injury, extreme heat and acidic foods can all cause one or more of the papillae to become irritated and inflamed, resulting in tender, raised bumps on your tongue. Mouth rinses and smoothing teeth can help treat and prevent enlarged papillae.''
The Merck Manuals Medical Library offers oral herpes as a potential cause for raised and tender bumps on the tongue. This is an infection of the herpes simplex virus. Most lesions clear up on their own after two weeks, but you can use benzocaine and lidocaine to ease pain. More frequent outbreaks are sometimes treated with antiviral medications, such as acyclovir, famciclovir and valacyclovir.
A raised bump on the tongue can also be an indication of syphilis. According to the Mayo Clinic, this sexually transmitted disease causes a small bump to form on the area where the bacteria entered the body, which can include the tongue. The first bumps are painless, but later outbreaks might cause tender wart-like bumps to form on the tongue and mouth. Penicillin is the preferred form of treatment for syphilis. In its early stages, this drug can cure the condition.''
Though not as frequent as other causes of raised, tender bumps, a small lesion can also be an indication of oral cancer, warns the Merck Manuals Medical Library. These bumps don't go away in the standard two-week time frame. Medical intervention is necessary to treat the cancer and prevent metastasis to other areas of the body. raised bumps on tongue,bumps under tongue,painful bump on tongue,white bumps on tongue,small bumps on tongue,bumps on side of tongue,bump under tongue,bump on side of tongue,red bumps on tongue,bumps tongue,bumps in tongue,tiny bump on tongue.''
The tongue is covered with a mucus membrane and mainly is composed of muscles. The tongue naturally is covered with small white bumps called papillae. The tongue serves the purpose of moving food around your mouth as you eat and helps you form words appropriately. Taste buds are situated between the papillae. Changes in the appearance of the tongue may be due to a number of conditions.''
Large and unusual white bumps may appear in addition to the papillae as a result of canker sores or localized irritations. Bacteria and fungus may accumulate on the tongue and cause it to develop white spots or an overall white coating. Oral lichen planus is a condition that occurs when the mucus membrane becomes inflamed and develops lacy white lesions or patches of white open sores. When papillae become smooth due to an infection or other disorder, the smooth red spots make the remaining papillae appear larger. Ulcers and cancer lesions also can cause white bumps to develop around the tongue.''
Tongue disorders may be caused by an infection or other irritation such as ill-fitting dentures. Smoking can cause unusual white bumps and lead to a tongue disorder. Stress and fatigue may lead to inflammatory conditions and tongue disorders as well. Other conditions that may lead to white bumps on the tongue include herpes, anemia and neuralgia.
Treatment of sores and tongue irritations depends on the underlying causes. For the most part, according to Medline Plus, the white bumps will heal on their own. Medications may be used to treat viral or fungal infections and anti-inflammatory medicine may be prescribed for other conditions. With proper oral hygiene, most white bumps will dissipate. You should see a dentist to have dentures or jagged teeth fixed to prevent local irritations.''
See your doctor when the bumps are accompanied by other symptoms that could indicate more serious side effects. Sores that won't heal, mouth pain or bleeding could be indications of complications. If the bumps persist, they may develop into cancer and should be treated appropriately once a biopsy of the bumps has been performed.''
In addition to regular brushing and flossing to keep your mouth and tongue free of bacteria and fungus, consider taking other precautions if you are prone to tongue disorders, suggests MayoClinic.com. Avoid tobacco products and alcohol that can irritate a sensitive tongue. Hot, spicy food or foods high in acid content also can exacerbate or trigger tongue disorders.''
The tongue is a powerful muscle involved in the critical functions of speaking, chewing and swallowing. Taste buds cover the upper surface of the tongue. A variety of diseases and disorders can affect the tongue including infections, injuries, chronic irritation, abnormal tissue growth and congenital conditions. Many tongue disorders are short-lived; others may cause long-term difficulties, requiring ongoing medical management.
Leukoplakia is a painless grey or white patch on the tongue that develops in response to chronic irritation. These patches can also develop on the inner cheek regions of the mouth. Cigarette or pipe smoking and use of chewing tobacco increase the risk for development of leukoplakia. Irritation caused by poorly fitting dentures or rough spots on the teeth can also lead to leukoplakia. The University of Texas M.D. Anderson Cancer Center reports that approximately one-quarter of leukoplakia patches are cancerous or precancerous. A variant of this disorder known as hairy leukoplakia is caused by the Epstein-Barr virus, and mostly commonly occurs in people with a weakened immune system
Macroglossia describes abnormal tongue enlargement. This condition can cause misalignment of the teeth and speech difficulties. The University of Maryland Medical Center reports that macroglossia often occurs with certain congenital or inherited conditions, including Down syndrome, Beckwith-Wiedemann syndrome, acromegaly, congenital hypothyroidism and primary amyloidosis. Macroglossia can also occur due to tongue swelling or abnormal tissue growth caused by a variety of disorders including multiple myeloma, sarcoidosis, tongue tumors and certain infections.
Glossitis is inflammation of the tongue, which may be transient or chronic. The tongue may swell, and the surface characteristically appears smooth and red or abnormally pale. Tenderness and burning commonly occur, which may interfere with speaking, chewing and swallowing. Taste disturbances often accompany glossitis. Transient episodes of glossitis may occur due to burning the tongue with hot foods or liquids, oral herpes, thrush and allergic reactions to mouthwash, toothpaste or the plastics in dental appliances such as retainers or dentures. The University of Maryland Medical Center notes that persistent glossitis can occur with vitamin B12 and folic acid deficiencies, iron deficiency anemia, syphilis, oral lichen planus and aphthous ulcers.
Tongue cancer is a form of head and neck cancer. Cancers of the forward two-thirds of the tongue are oral tongue cancers. Those at the back of the tongue are tongue base cancers. Tongue cancers usually present as a lump or a nonhealing ulcer. The American Cancer Society reports that nearly 11,000 cases of tongue cancer occur annually in the United States, with squamous cell carcinoma as the most common form of the disease. Smoking, use of chewing tobacco and excessive alcohol consumption increase the risk for the development of tongue cancer.''
Saturday, May 26, 2012
Colon Cancer - Sign and Symptoms
What is cancer?
Cancer is a group of more than 100 different diseases. They affect the body's basic unit of the cell. Cancer occurs when cells become abnormal and divide without control or order. Like all other organs of the body, large intestine (colon) and rectum (rectum) is composed of many types of cells. Normally, cells divide to produce more cells only when the body needs them. Orderly process to help keep us healthy.
If a cell continues to divide when new cells are not needed, a mass of tissue formed. This mass of extra tissue, called a growth or tumor, can be friendly (not harmful) or malignant (harmful).
Friendly tumors are not cancer. They can usually be removed and, in many cases, they do not arise again. Most important, cells from tumor-friendly tumors do not spread to other parts of the body. These tumors are rarely a threat to friendly lives.
Malignant tumors are cancer. Cancer cells can invade and damage tissues and organs near the tumor. Also, cancer cells can break off and get out of a malignant tumor and enter the bloodstream or lymphatic system. This is how cancer spreads from the primary tumor to form new tumors in other parts of the body. The spread of tumors is called metastasis.
When cancer spreads to other parts of the body, the new tumor has the same kind of abnormal cells and the same name as the primary cancer. For example, if colon cancer spreads to the liver, the cancer cells in the liver are cells of colon cancer. The disease is colon cancer that has spread (metastatic colon cancer), so he instead liver cancer.
Definition of Bowel Cancer (Colon) and Rectum Cancer (rectum)
The colon is part of the digestive system (digestive system) where the material that is discarded (waste) is stored. Rectum (rectum) is the tip of the colon near the rectum (anus). Together, they form a long, muscular tube called the large intestine. Tumors of the colon and rectum are growths which come from the inner wall of the colon. Friendly tumors of the colon called polyps (polyps). Malignant tumors of the large intestine are called cancers. Friendly polyps do not invade adjacent tissue or spread to other parts of the body. Friendly polyps can be easily removed during colonoscopy and are not a threat to life. If polyps are not friendly removed from the colon, they can become malignant (cancerous) over time. Most of the cancer, colon cancer is believed to have developed from polyps. Colon and rectal cancer, also referred to as colorectal cancer (colorectal cancer), can invade and damage tissues and organs nearby. Cancer cells can also break off and go out and spread to other parts of the body (such as liver and lung) where new tumors form. Colon cancer spread to organs far away from it is called metastasis of colon cancer. Once metastasis has occurred in colorectal cancer (colorectal cancer), a full healing of cancer is not possible.
Globally, cancer of the colon and rectum are the third leading cause of cancer in men and fourth leading cause of cancer in women. The frequency of koloretal cancer varies around the world. He is common in the western world and is rare in Asia and Africa. In countries where people have adopted western diets, the incidence of colorectal cancer increases.
What causes colon cancer
Doctors believe that colorectal cancer is not contagious (a person can not get the disease from a cancer patient). Some people are more likely to develop colorectal cancer than others. Factors that increase a person's risk of colorectal cancer include high fat intake, a family history of colorectal cancer and polyps, the presence of polyps in the colon, and ulcerative colitis due to a chronic (chronic ulcerative colitis).
Diet (Food) and colon cancer
Diets high in fat are believed to affect (the tendency to give) in human colorectal cancers. In countries with colorectal cancer rates are high, the fat intake by the population is much higher than in countries with cancer rates are low. It is believed that the breakdown products (breakdown) of fat metabolism lead to the formation of chemicals that cause cancer (carcinogens). Diets high vegetables and foods high in fiber like the loaves of whole-grain and wheat-wheat can cleanse the bowel of these carcinogens and help reduce the risk of cancer. Colon polyps and colon cancer
Doctors believe that most colon cancers develop in colon polyps. Therefore, removing polyps benign colon can prevent colorectal cancers. Colon polyps develop when chromosome damage occurs in cells in the lining of the colon. Chromosomes contain genetic information inherited from each parent. In normal, healthy chromosomes control the growth of cells in an orderly manner. When chromosomes are damaged, cell growth becomes uncontrolled, resulting in masses of extra tissue (polyps). Colon polyps are initially friendly (is good). Through the years, colon polyps that Friendly can obtain additional chromosome damage to become cancerous.
Esophagus Cancer (Esophageal Cancer) - Sign and Symptoms
The definition of Esophagus
Esophagus is a hollow tube that transports food and liquids from the throat to the stomach. When a person swallows, the muscular walls of the esophagus contract to push food down into the stomach. Glands in the lining of the esophagus produce mucus, which maintain the passageway moist and makes swallowing easier. Esophagus is located just behind the trachea (windpipe). In an adult, the esophagus is about 10 inches in length.
What is cancer?
Cancer is a disease that affects the cells, the body's basic unit of life. To understand any type of cancer, it is useful to know about normal cells and what happens when they become cancerous.
The body is made up of many types of cells. Normally, cells grow, divide, and produce more cells when they are needed. This process maintains the body healthy and functioning properly. Sometimes, however, cells keep dividing when new cells are not needed. This mass of extra cells (additional) forming a growth or tumor. Tumors can be benign or malignant.
Benign tumors are not cancer. They can usually be removed or raised and, in most cases, they do not come back. Cells in benign tumors do not spread to other parts of the body. Most important, benign tumors are rarely a threat to life.
Malignant tumors are cancer. Cells in malignant tumors are abnormal and divide without control or order. These cancer cells can subjugate and destroy the tissue around them. Cancer cells can also break away from a malignant tumor and enter the bloodstream or lymphatic system (the tissues and organs-organism that produce, store and carry white blood cells that fight infections and other diseases). This process, called metastasis, is how cancer spreads from the original tumor (primary) to form new tumors (secondary) in other parts of the body.
Cancer that begins in the esophagus (also called esophageal cancer) is divided into two major types, squamous cell carcinoma and adenocarcinoma, depending on the type of malignant cells. Squamous cell carcinomas arise in squamous cells that line the esophagus. These cancers usually occur on the top and middle of the esophagus. Adenocarcinomas usually develop in tissues that glandulous at the bottom of the esophagus.
Treatment is similar for both types of esophageal cancer.
If the cancer has spread beyond the esophagus, it is often the first to go to-lymph node. Lymph-lymph nodes are small structures that shaped nuts that are part of the body's immune system. Esophageal cancer can also spread to almost all other parts of the body, including liver, lung, brain, and bones.Risk Factors
The exact causes of esophageal cancer is unknown. However, studies show that any of the following factors may increase the risk of developing esophageal cancer:
* Age. Esophageal cancer is more likely to occur as people get older; most people who develop esophageal cancer are over age 60 years.* Gender. Esophageal cancer is more common in men than in women.* Tobacco Use. Smoking cigarettes or using smokeless tobacco is one of the major risk factors for esophageal cancer.* Use of Alcohol. Chronic alcohol use and / or weight is another major risk factor for esophageal cancer. People who use both alcohol and tobacco have an especially high risk of esophageal cancer. Scientists believe that these compounds enhance the effects of each other's harmful.* Barrett's Esophagus. Long-term irritation can increase the risk of esophageal cancer. Tissues at the bottom of the esophagus can be infect if stomach acid frequently back into the esophagus - a problem called gastric reflux. Through time, the cells in the irritated part of the esophagus may change and begin to resemble the cells that line the stomach. This condition, known as Barrett's esophagus, is a malignant condition before , which may develop into adenocarcinoma of the esophagus.* Other Types of Irritation. Other causes of significant irritation or damage to the lining of the esophagus, such as swallowing lye or caustic compounds (sharp) others, can increase the risk of developing esophageal cancer.* Medical History. Patients who have had cancers of other head and neck have increased chance of developing a second cancer in the head and neck area, including esophageal cancer.
Having any of these risk factors increase the likelihood that a person will develop esophageal cancer. Still, most people with one or even several of these factors do not get the disease. And most people who get cancer of the esophagus does not have any of these risk factors are unknown.
Identifying factors that increase a person's chances of developing esophageal cancer is the first step toward preventing the disease. We already know that the best way to prevent this type of cancer is to quit (or never start) smoking cigarettes or using smokeless tobacco and to drink alcohol only in moderation. Researchers continue to study the causes of esophageal cancer and to find other ways to prevent it. For example, they are investigating the possibility that increasing the input of the fruits and vegetables a person, especially a raw, may reduce the risk of this disease.
Researchers also are studying ways to reduce the risk of esophageal cancer for people with Barrett's esophagus.Recognize the symptoms
Early esophageal cancer usually causes no symptoms. However, when the cancer grows, symptoms may include:
* Swallowing is difficult and painful* Losing weight is heavy / severe* Pain in the throat or back, behind the breastbone or between the shoulder blades* Hoarseness or chronic cough* Vomiting* Coughing up blood
These symptoms may be caused by esophageal cancer or by other conditions. It is important to check with a physician.
To help find cause of symptoms, the doctor evaluates a person's medical history and perform a physical examination. Doctors usually order a chest x-ray and other diagnostic tests. These tests may include the following:
* Barium swallow (also called an esophagram) is a series of x-rays esophagus. Patients drink a liquid containing barium, which coats the inside of the esophagus. The barium makes any changes to the shape of the esophagus appear on x-rays.* Esophagoscopy (also called endoscopy) is a test from the inside of the esophagus using a thin lighted tube called an endoscope. Anesthesia is usually used during this procedure. If an abnormal area is found, the doctor can take cells and tissues through the endoscope for examination under a microscope. This is called a biopsy. A biopsy can show cancer, tissue changes that may lead to cancer or other conditions.
If the diagnosis is esophageal cancer, the doctor needs to learn the stage (or extent) of disease. Pen-stadium is a careful attempt to find out whether the cancer has spread and, if so, to what parts of the body. Knowing the stage of the disease helps the doctor plan treatment. Listed below are the descriptions of the four-stage esophageal cancer.
* Stage I. Cancer is found only in the upper layers of cells lining the esophagus.* Stage II. Cancer involves the layers deeper than the lining of the esophagus, or it has spread to the lymph-adjacent lymph nodes. Cancer still has not spread to other parts of the body.* Stage III. Cancer has invaded more deeply into the wall of the esophagus or has spread to tissues or lymph-lymph node near the esophagus. He still has not spread to other parts of the body.* Stage IV. The cancer has spread to other parts of the body. Esophageal cancer can spread almost anywhere in the body, including liver, lung, brain, and bones.Several tests are used to determine whether the cancer has spread include:
* CAT (or CT) scan (computed tomography). Computers that are connected to x-ray machine creates a series of detailed pictures of areas inside the body.* Bone scan. This technique, which creates pictures (images) of the bones on a computer screen or on film, can show whether cancer has spread to the bones. A small amount of radioactive compound is injected into a vein; he walked through the bloodstream, and gather in the bones, especially in the areas of abnormal bone growth. An instrument called a scanner measures the radioactivity levels in these areas.* Bronchoscopy. Doctors put the bronchoscope (a thin, lighted tube) into the mouth or nose down through the windpipe to look into the streets of the respiratory passage.
Treatment for esophageal cancer depends on a number of factors, including size, location, and extent of the tumor, and the overall health of the patient. Patients are often treated by a team of specialists, which may include a gastroenterologist (a doctor who specializes in diagnosing and treating disorders of the digestive system), surgeon (a doctor who specializes in removing or repairing body parts ), medical oncologist (a doctor who specializes in treating cancer), and radiation oncologist (a doctor who specializes in using radiation to treat cancer). Because cancer treatment may make the mouth sensitive and at risk for infection, doctors often advise patients with esophageal cancer to see a dentist for a dental examination and treatment before cancer treatment begins.
Many treatments and combination of different treatments may be used to control cancer and / or to improve the quality of life of patients by reducing symptoms.
* Surgery is the most common treatment for esophageal cancer. Typically, surgeons remove the tumor along with all or part of the esophagus, lymph-adjacent lymph nodes and other tissues in that area. Surgery to remove the esophagus is called esophagectomy. The surgeon connects the remaining healthy part of the esophagus to the stomach so the patient is still able to swallow. Occasionally, a plastic tube or part of the intestine is used to make the connection. The surgeon may also widen the opening between the stomach and small intestine to allow stomach contents to more easily pass into the small intestine. Sometimes surgery is done after other treatment is completed.* Radiation therapy, also called radiotherapy, involves the use of high-powered rays to kill cancer cells sek. Radiation therapy affects cancer cells only in the treated area. Radiation may come from a machine outside the body (external radiation) or from radioactive materials placed in or near the tumor (internal radiation). A plastic tube may be inserted into the esophagus to maintain it open during radiation therapy. This procedure is called intraluminal intubation and dilation. Radiation therapy may be used alone or combined with chemotherapy as primary treatment instead of surgery, especially if the tumor size or location would make surgery difficult. Doctors may also combine radiation therapy with chemotherapy to shrink the tumor before surgery. Even if the tumor can not be removed by surgery or destroyed entirely by radiation therapy, radiation therapy can often help pain and make swallowing easier.* Chemotherapy is the use of anticancer drugs to kill cancer cells. Anticancer drugs used to treat esophageal cancer travel through the body. Anticancer drugs used to treat esophageal cancer are usually given by injection into a vein (IV). Chemotherapy may be combined with radiation therapy as primary treatment (surgery instead) or to shrink the tumor before surgery.* Laser therapy is the use of high-intensity light to destroy tumor cells. Laser therapy affects cells only in the treated area. Your doctor may use laser therapy to destroy cancerous tissue and relieve blockage in the esophagus when the cancer can not be removed by surgery. Liberation of barriers can help reduce symptoms, especially swallowing problems.* Photodynamic therapy (PDT), the type of laser therapy, involves the use of drugs that are absorbed by cancer cells, when exposed to a special light, the drugs become active and destroy cancer cells. Your doctor may use PDT to relieve symptoms of esophageal cancer such as difficulty in swallowing.
Clinical trials (research studies) to evaluate new ways to treat cancer are the options (choices) that are important for many patients with esophageal cancer. In some studies, all patients receive the new treatment. In others, doctors compare different therapies by giving the new treatment to one group of patients and therapy is the usual (standard) in another group. Through research, doctors learn new ways, which is more effective for treating cancer.Treatment side effects
Side effects of cancer treatment depends on the type of treatment and probably is different for each person. Doctors and nurses can explain possible side effects of treatment, and they can suggest ways to help relieve symptoms that may occur during and after treatment.
* Surgery for esophageal cancer may cause short-term pain and tenderness in the area of operation, but the discomfort or pain can be controlled with medication. Patients are taught special breathing and coughing exercises to maintain their lungs clean.* Radiation therapy affects both normal cells and cells that are cancerous. Side effects from radiation therapy depends largely on the dose and the body part being treated. Side effects from radiation therapy are common in the esophagus are a dry mouth and throat and wounds; difficulty swallowing; swelling of the mouth and gums; tooth holes; fatigue, skin changes the place of care and loss of appetite.* Chemotherapy, such as radiation therapy, affects both normal cells and cells that are cancerous. Side effects depend largely on drugs and specific doses. Side effects from chemotherapy are common, including nausea and vomiting, poor appetite, hair loss, skin rashes and itching, mouth sores and mouth, diarrhea, and fatigue. These side effects usually disappear gradually during the recovery periods between treatments or after treatment is completed.* Laser therapy can cause short-term pain where treatment is given, but this discomfort can be controlled with medication.* Photodynamic therapy makes the skin and eyes are very sensitive to light for 6 weeks or more after treatment. Side effects other than those temporarily PDT may include coughing, difficulty swallowing, abdominal pain, painful breathing or shortness of breath.
Doctors and nurses can explain possible side effects of treatment, and they can suggest ways to help relieve symptoms that may occur during and after treatment.
Nutrition for Cancer Patients-Patients
Eating well during cancer treatment means getting calories and proteins are sufficient to control the weight loss and maintain strength. Eating well often helps people with cancer feel better and have more energy.
However, many people with esophageal cancer find it hard to eat well because they have difficulty swallowing. Patients may not feel like eating if they are uncomfortable or tired. Also, the side effects of treatment are common, such as poor appetite, nausea, vomiting, dry mouth, or mouth sores, can make eating difficult. Foods may taste different.
After surgery, patients may receive nutrients directly into a vein. How to get nutrients into the body is called IV. Some may require a feeding tube (a flexible plastic tube is inserted through the nose into the stomach or through the mouth to the stomach) until they are able to feed themselves.
Patients with esophageal cancer are usually encouraged to eat several small meals and snacks throughout the day, rather than trying to eat large meals three times. When swallowing is difficult, many patients can still try to eat soft foods moistened with sauces or gravy. Puddings, ice cream, and soups are nutritious and usually are easy to swallow. It is perhaps useful to use a blender to process hard foods. Doctors, dieticians, nutritionist, or other health care provider can advise patients about these and other ways to maintain a healthy diet.
The Importance of Follow-Up Care
Follow-up care after treatment for esophageal cancer is important to ensure that any changes in health are found. If the cancer returns or advanced (continuing) or if a new cancer develops, it can be treated as soon as possible. Checkups may include physical examinations, x-rays, or lab tests. Among the appointments that have been scheduled, patients should report any health problems to their doctor as soon as they arise.
Providing Emotional Support
Living with a serious disease is challenging. Apart from having to overcome physical challenges and medical, people with cancer face many worried, feelings, and concerns that can make life difficult. They may find they need help to cope with the emotional aspects as well as practical from their disease. In fact, attention to the emotional burden of having cancer is often part of a plan of patient care. Support from the health care team (doctors, nurses, social workers), support groups, and networks of patient to patient can help people feel less isolated and troubled, and improve the quality of their lives. Cancer support groups provide a setting where cancer patients can talk about living with cancer with others who may have similar experiences. Patients may want to speak to a member of their health care team about finding a support group.
Questions For Doctor
Ask your doctor the following questions will help you further understand your condition. To help you remember what the doctor says, you may make notes or ask whether you should use a recorder (tape recorder). Some people also like to have a family member or friend with them when they talk to the doctor - to take part in discussions, to make notes, or just to listen.
* The tests which can diagnose esophageal cancer? Are they painful?* How soon after the tests I will get the results?
* What treatments are recommended for me?* Clinical trials what is right for my type of cancer?* Will I be in hospital stay in the hospital to receive my treatment? For how long?* How can my normal activities may change during my treatment?
* What side effects should I expect? How long will they last?* Who is going to my phone if I am nervous about the side effects?* What would I do if I have pain?
* After treatment, how often do I need to be examined? What type of follow-up care should I get?* What type of nutritional support will I need? Where can I get it?* Will I eventually be able to resume my normal activities?
Health Care Team
* Who will be involved with my treatment and rehabilitation? What is the role of each member of the health care team in my care?* What are your experiences in care for patients with esophageal cancer?
* Are there support groups in this area with people who can I talk to her?* Are there organizations where I get more information about cancer, especially esophageal cancer?* Are there Web sites I can visit that have accurate information about cancer, especially esophageal cancer?
Shingles (Herpes Zoster) - Prevent, Causes, and Definition
Definition and Causes of Shingles
Shingles is a skin rash (mange) caused by the same virus that causes chickenpox (chickenpox). The virus responsible for these conditions is called Varicella zoster virus (VZV). After an individual has chickenpox, this virus lives in the nervous system and is never fully cleared from the body. Under certain circumstances, such as emotional stress, immune deficiency (from AIDS or chemotherapy), or with cancer, the virus reactivates causing shingles. In many cases, however, a cause for the reactivation of the virus is never found. Anyone who has had chickenpox is at risk of developing shingles, although it occurs most commonly in people over the age of 60 years. It has been estimated that up to 500,000 cases of shingles occur each year in America.
The herpes virus that causes shingles and chickenpox is not the same herpes virus that causes genital herpes (which can be sexually transmitted) and herpes mouth sores. Shingles is medically termed Herpes zoster.What are the symptoms and duration of shingles Shingles
Before a rash is visible, the patient may notice a few days to a week of burning pain and sensitive skin. Before the rash is visible, it may be difficult to determine the cause of the often severe pain. Shingles start as small blisters on a red base, with new blisters continuing to form for three to five days. Blisters follow the path of individual nerves that exit the spinal cord (spinal cord) is called a dermatomal pattern. The entire path of the nerve may be involved or there may be areas with blisters (blisters) and areas without blisters. Usually, only one nerve level is involved. In some rare cases, more than one nerve will be involved. Eventually, the blisters erupt, and the area began issuing / flow. Affected areas will then crust over and heal. The whole process may take three to four weeks from start to finish. Occasionally, the pain will be present but the blisters (blisters) may never appear. This can be a cause of local pain is very confusing.Is shingles contagious?
Yes, shingles is contagious. Shingles can be spread from person affected to children or adults who have never had chickenpox. But instead of developing shingles, these people develop chickenpox. Once they have got chickenpox, people can not get shingles (or get a virus) from someone else. Once infected, however, people have the potential to develop shingles later in life.
Shingles contagious to people who have not had chickenpox before, as long as there are blisters (the blisters) and the newly formed blisters are long healed. Once all the blisters have move, the virus can no longer be spread.
Treating Shingles And Necessity Finding Physicians
There are several effective treatments for shingles. Drugs that fight viruses (antivirus), such as acyclovir (Zovirax), valacyclovir (Valtrex) or famciclovir (Famvir), can reduce the severity and duration of rash (scabies) if started early (within 72 hours of appearance of rash). The addition of steroid drugs may have limited benefits in some cases, but studies have been inconclusive confirm the benefit of all the steroids in combination with antiviral drugs. In addition to antiviral drugs, drugs pain may be necessary to control symptoms.
Affected area should be maintained clean. Bathing is permitted, and the area can be cleaned with soap and water. Cold compresses and a solution (lotion) anti-itch, such as calamine lotion, may also provide relief / exemption. A solution of aluminum acetate (Burow solution or Domeboro, available at your pharmacy) can be used to help dry the blisters and the output (oozing).What are the complications of shingles?
Generally, shingles heal well and problems are few. However, on occasion, the blisters can become infected with bacteria, causing cellulitis, a bacterial infection of the skin. If this occurs, the area will become red, warm, loud, and sensitive. You may notice red streaks forming around the wound. If you notice any of these symptoms, call your doctor. Antibiotics can be used to treat these complications.
A more worrisome complication occurs when shingles affects the face, especially forehead and nose. In these cases, it is possible, but not likely, that shingles can affect the eye, leading to vision loss. If you have shingles on your forehead or nose, your eyes should be evaluated by a doctor.
By A Vaccine to Prevent Shingles
In May 2006, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) approved the first vaccine for adult shingles. The vaccine, known as Zostavax, is approved for use in adults aged 60 years or older who have had chickenpox. The vaccine contains a booster dose (booster) dose of chickenpox vaccine is usually given to children. Tests over a period of four years earlier showed that the vaccine significantly reduced the incidence of shingles in adults who are older. A single dose of vaccine was shown to more than 60 percent effective in reducing the symptoms of shingles, and it reduced the incidence of postherpetic neuralgia (Phn, see below) with at least two-thirds. Studies are ongoing to evaluate the effectiveness of the vaccine over a longer period.
People with weakened immune systems caused by immune-suppressing drugs, cancer treatment, HIV disease, or transplant (transplanting) organs should not receive the vaccine because it contains particles of live, weakened virus.
Since vaccination against VZV is now recommended for children, the incidence of chickenpox has been reduced, which is expected to reduce the incidence of shingles in adults when these kids become adults.The definition of postherpetic neuralgia And Other Things Made For him
Postherpetic neuralgia is pain that is localized in areas that involve the shingles that survive / persist beyond one month.
The most common complication of shingles is postherpetic neuralgia. This occurs when the illness / pain associated with shingles persist beyond one month, even after the rash were missing. This is the result of irritation of the nerves of sensation by the virus. Pain can be severe / severe and debilitating and occurs primarily in people aged over 50 years. There is some evidence that treating shingles with steroids and antiviral agents can reduce the duration (length) and the incidence of postherpetic neuralgia. However, the reduction is minimal.The pain of postherpetic neuralgia can be reduced by a number of drugs. Tricyclic antidepressants (amitriptyline [Elavil] and others), as well as drug-drug anti-epileptic drugs (gabapentin [Neurontin], carbamazepine [Tegretol], pregabalin [Lyrica]), has been used to move the pain associated with herpetic neuralgia. Capsaicin cream (Zostrix), a derivative (derivative) of cayenne pepper, can be used topically on the area after all the blisters have healed, to reduce pain. Lidocaine pain patches (Lidoderm) used on the skin can also be helpful in relieving pain, nerve pain with nerves anesthetized with local anesthetic lidocaine. These options should be discussed with your doctor.
Worms Bracelet (Ringworm) - Sign Symptoms Definition
Definition of Worms Bracelet (Ringworm)
The term roundworms (ringworm) refers to fungal infections that are on the surface of the skin. The belief is that once an infection caused by a worm, which is not. It is the result of fungal infection. Even so, the name of roundworms (ringworm) has been attached. Some of these fungi produce round spots, but most do not. On the other hand, many round spots are not from fungus. A physical examination of the affected skin, evaluation of the piling-skin scraping under a microscope, and culture tests can help doctors make the differences that adequate / appropriate. An adequate diagnosis is crucial for successful treatment.
The medical term for ringworm is "tinea." Tinea get us back to the worms. Tinea is the Latin name for a worm that grows. Doctors add another word to indicate where the fungus is located. Tinea capitis, for example, referring to the scalp ringworm, tinea corporis on the body fungus, tinea pedis on the foot fungus, and so on. Worms Cause Bracelet (Ringworm)
Although the world is full of yeast-yeast, and fungi, only a few are causing skin problems. These agents are called dermatophytes, which means "skin fungi." Skin fungi can only live on the dead layer of keratin protein on the skin. They rarely invade deeper into the body and can not live on mucous membranes, such as those in the mouth or vagina.
Sources of Skin Fungus
Some fungi live only on the skin, hair, or nails of humans. Others live on animals and only visit humans sometimes. Still others live in the soil. It is often difficult or impossible to identify the source of a particular skin fungus someone.
Heat and moisture help fungi grow and thrive, which makes them more common in skin indentation as (groin) or between the toes. It is also responsible for their reputation as being caught from places bath shower, change clothes rooms, and swimming-pool. This reputation is exaggerated, though, because many people with "itching jockey" or "athletes foot" is not a jockey, jockeys and athletes. Types and Symptoms of Worms Bracelet (Ringworm)
Among the types of roundworms (ringworm), or tinea, is the following:
1. Tinea barbae: Ringworm of the bearded area of face and neck, with marked swelling and crust, often with itching, sometimes causing hair to break up. On the days when men went to the barber every day for a shave, tinea barbae called barber itch.2. Tinea capitis: Ringworm of the scalp usually affects children, mostly in late childhood or adolescence. This condition may be spread in schools. Tinea capitis appears as scaly scalp associated with the bald spots (in contrast to seborrhea or dandruff, for example, which does not cause hair loss).3. Tinea corporis: When fungus affects the skin of the body, it often produces the round spots of classic ringworm. Occasionally, these stains have an active outside the borders as they grow and progress slowly. It is important to distinguish this rash from other skin rashes are even more common, such as nummular eczema. This condition, etc., may appear similar to ringworm, but they are not fungal and require different treatments.4. Tinea cruris: Tinea of the groin ("jockey itch") tend to have a reddish brown color and extends from the folds of the groin down to one or both thighs. Other conditions that can mimic tinea cruris include yeast infections, psoriasis, and intertrigo, a rash (chafing rash) that result from skin rub against the skin.5. Faciei Tinea: Ringworm on the face except the bearded area. On the face, ringworm is rarely annular. Characteristically, it causes small pieces of red and scaly with edges that are not clear.6. Tinea manus: Ringworm involving the hands, especially the palms and the spaces between your fingers. He typically causes thickening (hyperkeratosis) of these areas, often on only one hand. Tinea manus is a common friend of tinea pedis (ringworm of the feet). He also called tinea manuum.
7. Tinea pedis: "Legs Atlitt" may cause inflammation in the tissues of the toes, especially the one between your toes fourth and fifth. Another common form of tinea pedis produces a thickening on heels and soles feet. This is sometimes referred to as "moccasin distribution." Still in other cases, tinea causing blisters between the toes or on the soles of the feet. Besides "athletes foot", tinea pedis is known as tinea of the feet or, more freely, fungal infections of the foot. Tinea pedis is a very common skin disorder. He is the most common and perhaps the most persistent of the fungal infections (tinea). He is rare before adolescence. It may occur in association with other skin infections caused by fungi such as tinea cruris (jockey itch).8. Tinea unguium: Finally, the fungus can make the nails of fingers and hands, more often, toe nails yellow, thick, and brittle / crumbly. They are called fungus nails or onychomycosis.